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What is the Bhagavad Gita?

The Bhagavad Gita is a 700-verse Hindu scripture, part of the Mahabharata, presenting a dialogue between Prince Arjuna and his guide Krishna on the battlefield. It’s a philosophical guide offering insights on duty (Dharma), ethics, and living a fulfilling life. The Gita addresses life’s challenges, advocating for right action without attachment, mindfulness, and the pursuit of self-realization. The Gita provides practical wisdom for moral living and spiritual guidance, remaining relevant across time and cultures.

The Srimad Bhagawad Gita, also known as the Bhagavad Gita, is a 700-verse epic that forms a part of the Indian epic, the Mahabharata. It is a conversation between Prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna, who serves as his charioteer and mentor. Set on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, the story unfolds as Arjuna finds himself paralyzed by doubt and moral dilemma before the great war.

Lord Krishna is the Charioteer for Arjuna
Lord Krishna is the Charioteer for the Archer Arjuna

The Bhagawad Gita is not a religious text per se, it a text followed religiously in India; it is a practical guide to life. It addresses the fundamental questions of existence, duty, and the nature of reality. Through an intricate blend of philosophy, ethics, and practical wisdom, it offers insights into how we can live an empowered and fulfilling life, while remaining connected to our higher self.

What do the words “Bhagawad” and “Gita” mean?

Bhagawad: The term “Bhagawad” (or “Bhagavad” in more common transliteration) is derived from the Sanskrit word “Bhagavan”, which translates to “the divine one” or “the lord”. In the context of the Bhagavad Gita, it refers to Lord Krishna, who is considered a divine incarnation or an avatar of Lord Vishnu. The use of “Bhagawad” in the title signifies the text’s focus on the teachings and insights provided by this divine being.

Gita: The word “Gita” simply means “song” in Sanskrit. The word “Gita” in Sanskrit also has a broader connotation than just “song”. While it is often translated as “song”, which reflects its poetic and rhythmic quality, “Gita” in this context refers to “word”, “speech”, or “message”.

So the Bhagawad Gita is essentially a conversation, or a divine discourse, where Lord Krishna imparts spiritual wisdom and guidance to Prince Arjuna. Therefore, the Bhagavad Gita can be thought of as the “Divine Message” or “Divine Speech”.

1. The Essence of the Bhagavad Gita

Kurukshetra where the final Mahabharata battle takes place
Kurukshetra – the final battles of the Mahabharata – In this scene Lord Krishna is engaged in a dialog with Arjuna – which is what is widely known as the Bhagawad Gita – or the Word of God

At the core of the Gita is a profound, universal message applicable to people from all walks of life. It addresses the moral and philosophical dilemmas faced by Arjuna, who stands torn between his duty (Dharma) as a warrior and his moral qualms about fighting his own kin. The Gita, through Krishna’s words, offers guidance not just to Arjuna but to all of us on how to confront and resolve life’s challenges and dilemmas.

2. Krishna and Arjuna: A Timeless Dialogue

The conversation between Krishna and Arjuna is symbolic of the eternal dialogue between the divine and the human spirit. Krishna, as Arjuna’s charioteer, imparts wisdom on various aspects of life, from duty and righteousness to devotion and spirituality. This dialogue transcends time and culture, offering a blueprint for living a life of balance, purpose, and insight.

3. Dharma: The Ethical Compass

Dharma, a key concept in the Gita, represents duty, righteousness, and moral order. It’s about making choices that align with one’s true nature and the greater good. The Gita encourages us to live a life of Dharma, emphasizing the importance of ethical living and moral responsibility.

4. The Gita as a Practical Guide to Life

The Bhagavad Gita is not just a theoretical treatise but a practical guide to living. It speaks to everyday issues and dilemmas, offering a framework for decision-making that balances personal desires with ethical considerations. The Gita teaches us how to live a life that is both meaningful and fulfilling.

5. Philosophy, Ethics, and Practical Wisdom

The Gita’s teachings encompass a wide range of topics, from the nature of reality to the path to self-realization. It provides a comprehensive view of life, blending philosophical depth with ethical guidelines and practical advice. The wisdom of the Gita helps us navigate the complexities of life with greater clarity and purpose.

6. Living an Empowered and Fulfilling Life

The Bhagavad Gita offers invaluable lessons on how to live an empowered life. It teaches us how to face challenges with courage, make decisions with wisdom, and live with a sense of purpose. The Gita shows us how to remain connected to our higher self amid life’s trials and tribulations.

Five Key Takeaways from the Gita

  1. Duty and Right Action (Dharma):
    • Concept: The Gita emphasizes the importance of performing one’s duty (dharma) and right action without attachment to the results.
    • Example: Consider a college student or a young professional focused on their studies or career. The Gita teaches to put in the best effort without being overly fixated on grades or promotions. The focus should be on the process and learning, rather than just the end result.
  2. Mindfulness and Self-Control:
    • Concept: The Gita speaks about controlling the mind and senses to achieve inner peace and clarity.
    • Example: In an age of constant digital distractions and social media, practicing mindfulness means consciously spending time away from screens, meditating, or engaging in activities that bring mental peace and presence, like hiking or yoga.
  3. The Concept of Detachment:
    • Concept: The Gita advises detachment from the fruits of one’s actions – to act without a selfish desire for personal gain.
    • Example: Imagine working on a group project or contributing to a community service. The idea is to contribute your best without being solely driven by personal credit or recognition, but for the greater good of the team or community.
  4. The Impermanence of Life:
    • Concept: The Gita teaches that life is transient and that one should not be overly attached to the material world.
    • Example: This can be understood in the context of not getting too caught up in material pursuits like luxury items or social status. It’s about finding value in experiences, relationships, and personal growth.
  5. Self-Realization and Inner Journey:
    • Concept: The Gita places great emphasis on the journey towards self-realization, understanding one’s true self beyond the physical body and mind.
    • Example: For a young adult, this could mean exploring personal passions and values, understanding one’s identity and purpose beyond societal labels and expectations, perhaps through travel, introspection, and engaging with diverse cultures and philosophies.


The Bhagavad Gita, with its timeless wisdom, remains a beacon of light guiding us towards a life of meaning, purpose, and fulfillment. It encourages us to live authentically, uphold our duties, and stay connected to our higher self. As a practical guide to life, the Gita offers a path to not only understanding the deeper aspects of existence but also living a life that is truly empowered and fulfilling.

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